The Order of Mass

The Introductory Rites


Priest: In the Name of the Father . . . and of the Holy Spirit

People: Amen.

The Priest offers Collect for Purity and may add the Summary of the Law.

Then is sung or said, the People responding after the Priest:

Kyrie eleison.         Lord, have mercy upon us.

Christe eleison.   or Christ, have mercy upon us.

Kyrie eleison.         Lord, have mercy upon us.

On Sundays and Holy Days appointed, the following is sung or said:

Glory be to God on high,

and on earth peace, good will towards men.

We praise thee, we bless thee,

we worship thee,

we glorify thee,

we give thanks to thee for thy great glory,

O Lord God, heavenly King, God the Father Almighty.

O Lord, the only begotten Son, Jesus Christ;

O Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father,

that takest away the sins of the world,

have mercy upon us.

Thou that takest away the sins of the world,

receive our prayer.

Thou that sittest at the right hand of God the Father,

have mercy upon us.

For thou only art holy;

thou only art the Lord;

thou only, O Christ,

with the Holy Ghost, ✠

art the Most High in the glory of God the Father. Amen.

Priest: The Lord be with you.

People: And with thy spirit.

Priest: Let us pray.

The Priest says the Collect of the Day.


The Liturgy of the Word

 At the end of each reading the People respond:  Thanks be to God.


Deacon or Priest: The Lord be with you.

People: And with thy spirit.

Deacon or Priest: A reading from the Holy Gospel according to . . .

People: Glory be to thee, O Lord.

After the Gospel reading:

Deacon or Priest: The Gospel of the Lord.

People: Praise be to thee, O Christ.


After the Homily, on Sundays and Holy Days, the following is sung or said, all standing:

I believe in one God,

the Father Almighty,

maker of heaven and earth,

and of all things visible and invisible;

And in one Lord Jesus Christ,

the only-begotten Son of God,

begotten of his Father before all worlds,

God of God, Light of Light,

very God of very God,

begotten, not made,

being of one substance with the Father;

by whom all things were made;

who for us men and for our salvation

came down from heaven,   Genuflect

and was incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary, and was made man;   Stand

and was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate;

he suffered and was buried;

and the third day he rose again according to the Scriptures,

and ascended into heaven,

and sitteth on the right hand of the Father;

and he shall come again, with glory,

to judge both the quick and the dead;

whose kingdom shall have no end.

And I believe in the Holy Ghost the Lord, the Giver of Life,

who proceedeth from the Father and the Son;

who with the Father and the Son together is worshiped

and glorified;

who spake by the Prophets.

And I believe one holy Catholic and Apostolic Church;

I acknowledge one Baptism for the remission of sins;

and I look for the resurrection of the dead, ✠ and the life of the world to come. Amen.


The Prayers of the People are offered.


The Penitential Rite

After the bidding, the People kneel. Silence may be kept, and then the Priest and People say:

Almighty God,

Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, maker of all things, judge of all men:

We acknowledge and bewail our manifold sins and wickedness, which we from time to time most grievously have committed,

by thought, word, and deed, against thy divine Majesty,

provoking most justly thy wrath and indignation against us.

We do earnestly repent,

and are heartily sorry for these our misdoings;

the remembrance of them is grievous unto us,

the burden of them is intolerable.

Have mercy upon us,

have mercy upon us, most merciful Father;

for thy Son our Lord Jesus Christ’s sake,

forgive us all that is past;

and grant that we may ever hereafter

serve and please thee in newness of life,

to the honour and glory of thy Name;

through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.


The priest offers a prayer for absolution.







The altar is prepared and then the Priest says,


Pray, brethren . . . . the Father almighty.

The People stand and respond:

May the Lord accept the sacrifice at thy hands, for the praise and glory of his Name, for our good and the good of all his holy Church.


The Priest says the Prayer over the Offerings, and then follows the Eucharistic Prayer.


Priest: The Lord be with you.

People: And with thy spirit.

Priest: Lift up your hearts.

People: We lift them up unto the Lord.

Priest: Let us give thanks unto the Lord our God.

People: It is meet and right so to do.


After the Preface, all continue,

Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of Hosts:

Heaven and earth are full of thy glory.

Glory be to thee, O Lord Most High.

Blessed is he that cometh in the Name of the Lord.

Hosanna in the Highest.


The People kneel, and the prayer continues.


Priest:  The mystery of faith.

The People with the Priest:

[A] We proclaim thy Death, O Lord, and profess thy Resurrection until thou come again.


[B] When we eat this Bread and drink this Cup, we proclaim thy Death, O Lord, until thou come again.


[C] O Saviour of the world, who by thy Cross and precious Blood hast redeemed us: save us and help us, we humbly beseech thee, O Lord.



The Communion Rite

Our Father… (Standing)


The Priest continues: “Deliver us … and safe from all distress.”

The People respond:

For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever and ever. Amen.


The Priest offers a prayer for the peace of Christ, and then says:

The peace of the Lord be always with you.

People: And with thy spirit.

The People may offer one another a sign of peace.

The People kneel.

Breaking the Host, the priest says:

[Alleluia.] Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us;

People: Therefore let us keep the feast. [Alleluia.]

The following anthem is sung or said here:

O Lamb of God, that takest away the sins of the world,

have mercy upon us.

O Lamb of God, that takest away the sins of the world,

have mercy upon us.

O Lamb of God, that takest away the sins of the world,

grant us thy peace.

The people join in saying this prayer:

We do not presume to come to this thy Table,

O merciful Lord, trusting in our own righteousness, but in thy manifold and great mercies. We are not worthy so much as to gather up the crumbs under thy Table. But thou art the same Lord whose property is always to have mercy. Grant us therefore, gracious Lord, so to eat the flesh of thy dear Son Jesus Christ, and to drink his Blood, that our sinful bodies may be made clean by his Body, and our souls washed through his most precious Blood, and that we may evermore dwell in him, and he in us. Amen.


Priest: Behold the Lamb of God,

behold him that taketh away the sins of the world.

Blessed are those who are called to the Supper of the Lamb.

The People respond thrice:

Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my roof, but speak the word only, and my soul shall be healed.


The Liturgy continues with the communion of the faithful.

After Communion, silence may be kept.

Then the Priest standing and the People kneeling, all say the following:

Almighty and everliving God, we most heartily thank thee for that thou dost feed us, in these holy mysteries, with the spiritual food of the most precious Body and Blood of thy Son our Saviour Jesus Christ; and dost assure us thereby of thy favour and goodness towards us; and that we are very members incorporate in the mystical body of thy Son, the blessed company of all faithful people; and are also heirs, through hope, of thy everlasting kingdom, by the merits of the most precious death and Passion of thy dear Son. And we humbly beseech thee, O heavenly Father, so to assist us with thy grace, that we may continue in that holy fellowship, and do all such good works as thou hast prepared for us to walk in; through Jesus Christ our Lord, to whom, with thee and the Holy Spirit, be all honour and glory, world without end. Amen.


The People remain kneeling and the Postcommunion Prayer follows.

The Concluding Rite

Priest: The Lord be with you.

People: And with thy spirit.

The Priest gives the blessing.

The Deacon or Priest dismisses the People, and they respond:

Thanks be to God.

The People stand for the recessional hymn.

Confession Aid

How to make an examination of conscience to prepare for confession.

Prayer before Self-Examination

O Holy Spirit, Source of all light, Spirit of wisdom, of understanding, and of knowledge, come to my assistance and enable me to make a good confession. Enlighten me, and help me now to know my sins as one day I shall be forced to recognize them before they judgment seat. Bring to mind the evil which I have done and the good which I have neglected. Permit me not to be blinded by self-love. Grant me, moreover, heartfelt sorrow for my transgressions, knowing how deeply they have wounded the loving heart of my Heavenly Father; and help me to make a good confession that all stain of guilt may be washed away in the Precious Blood of my Savior Jesus Christ. Amen.

  1. The Decalogue:

  1. Have I offended God by putting anything or anyone before him? Have I refused God’s service by neglecting my prayers or the duties of worship, especially attendance at Mass? Have I regarded people, things, or my own self-satisfaction as more important than God and service to him? Have I refused to nourish and protect my faith in God and obedience to the teachings of his Church? Have I despaired of my salvation? Have I presumed upon God’s mercy?

  1. Have I used the Lord’s Name profanely, in cursing or swearing? Have I kept the vows and promises that I have made to God? Have I been guilty of irreverence or impiety? Have I blamed God for my sins and my failings?

  1. Have I deliberately failed to keep the Lord’s Day by missing Mass or neglecting opportunities for public worship, rest, prayer, and recollection? Have I received the Holy Eucharist in a state of mortal sin?

  1. Have I offended against the legitimate authority of my parents or my superiors? Have I been disrespectful of, or disobedient to, those set over me? Have I neglected my parents or failed to uphold the sanctity of the family?

  1. Have I offended against life? Have I refused the gift of life or openness to life? Have I harmed, subverted, or threatened the lives of others? Have I been a good steward of my own health and the well-being of others? Have I threatened or done bodily harm to others? Have I verbally or emotionally abused others?

  1. Have I been unfaithful to my marriage vows, by thought, word, or deed? Have I offended against faithfulness to the marital covenant as a bond of full affection and exclusive love?

  1. Have I been guilty of theft? Have I taken, kept, or arrogated to myself anything not properly belonging to me? Have I been wasteful of time or resources belonging to others? Have I cheated others or failed to pay my debts and make good on my obligations?

  1. Have I borne false witness or been guilty of slander, detraction, or scandal to others? Have I lied or been guilty of deception? Have I gossiped, betrayed confidences, demeaned others, or spoken spitefully against those I am bound to honour and respect?

  1. Have I been lustful or impure, by though, word, or deed, with another or by myself? Have I failed to respect and defend the dignity and integrity of others? Have I been possessive of others or covetous of their time, duties, and attention?

  1. Have I been selfish, grasping, greedy, or envious? Have I coveted the belongings, good fortune, or advantages accorded to others by not to me?

  1. The Precepts of the Church

  1. Have I refused attendance at Mass on any Sunday of Holy Day of Obligation? Have I dishonoured the Lord’s Day? Have I offended against piety and reverence?

  1. Have I failed to confess my sins in the Sacrament of Penance at least once a year? Have I withheld anything important in my Confession? Have I been dishonest or careless in preparing and making my Confession? Have I failed to perform the penance assigned in the Sacrament of Penance?

  1. Have I failed to make my Easter duty, receiving the Sacrament of the Eucharist during the Easter season? Have I neglected to be diligent and regular in preparing for Holy Communion, taking care to receive only in the state of grace? Have I received Holy Communion without repenting and confessing any mortal sins?

  1. Have I deliberately failed to keep the church’s rules for days of abstinence and fast? Have I willfully neglected or flouted the Eucharistic fast (refraining from food at least one hour before receiving Holy Communion)? Have I been careless in doing penance on Fridays?

  1. Have I deliberately scanted or neglected the duties and opportunities of providing for the material needs of my parish and the Church with time, money, and labour?

  1. If married, have I failed to follow the Church’s discipline and teaching on marriage and openness to life? Have I refused to give of myself to my spouse for less than a serious reason? Have I done anything that strained, damaged, or violated my marital covenant?

Prayer after Self-Examination

O my God, how great are my sins! Would that I had never offended thee. If by carelessness or ignorance I have forgotten anything in my self-examination, show it to me now that I make a good confession; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

What is the proper form for confession? 

The Penitent makes the sign of the Cross saying:

+ In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.

The Priest may say:

The Lord be in thy heart and on thy lips, that thou mayest truly confess thy sins to Almighty God.

The Penitent names sins, and afterward says:

Bless me Father, for I have sinned. It has been … since my last confession. These are my sins: …

After the penitent confesses his or her sins, the Priest gives counsel and assigns a penance. Then the penitent makes his or her act of contrition with these or similar words:

O my God, I am heartily sorry for having offended thee and I detest all my sins, because I dread the loss of heaven, and the pains of hell; but most of all, because they offend thee, my God, who art all good and deserving of all my love. I firmly resolve, with the help of thy grace, to amend my life, to sin no more, and to avoid the near occasions of sin. Amen.

Then the priest says the prayer of absolution:

God, the Father of mercies, through the death and resurrection of his Son has reconciled the world to himself and sent the Holy Spirit among us for the forgiveness of sins; through the ministry of the Church may God give you pardon and peace, and I absolve you from your sins in the name of the Father, and of the Son, X and of the Holy Spirit.

          The penitent answers: Amen.